A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure where the failed kidneys are replaced with a healthy kidney from another person. This procedure is usually recommended to people suffering from irreversible renal failure.
This is a major surgery which needs state of art medical infrastructure and experienced surgeons for a positive outcome. Every year millions of people all over the world are in need of a kidney transplant. This is an expensive surgery so, people look out for places where they can get this treatment at a low cost. This is where medical tourism comes into the picture and India tops the list for being the most preferred medical destination in the world. Affordable kidney transplant cost in India is one of the main reasons why patients come here for their surgery.
Another reason for the high demand for a kidney transplant in India is top multi-specialty hospitals in all the metro cities and experienced and dedicated surgeons.
Why is kidney transplant necessary?
The main function of the kidney is to remove the waste from our blood and regulate the fluid levels but in case of renal failure excess fluid and waste accumulate in our blood and this can be fatal.
There are two options of treatment available for patients with renal failure:
- Kidney transplant
According to studies, people with kidney transplant live longer than people who are on dialysis due to which many people with renal failure prefer undergoing a kidney transplant.
You must be wondering where to source the kidney from?
You can get a kidney from a living donor or a deceased donor. The living donors are mostly close relatives like sibling, parents, spouses, and grandparents. Deceased donors are people who have volunteered to donate their organ after their death.
Before the kidney transplant, all donors are screened to find a suitable match and to rule out the risk of transmissible diseases.
Methods used for kidney transplant
There are two ways in which kidney transplant surgery can be conducted:
Laparoscopic Nephrectomy – It is a minimally invasive procedure that offers a safe and effective way to remove a diseased kidney and causes less discomfort to the patients.
Open Nephrectomy – This technique involves a larger incision and is more complicated.
For kidney transplant in India mostly surgeons prefer using Laparoscopic Nephrectomy as it is a more advanced surgery and the hospitals in India are equipped with the latest diagnostic and medical technology to carry out this surgery successfully.
Kidney transplant cost in India
There is a high influx of overseas patients coming for a kidney transplant in India as they find the cost of kidney transplant very reasonable when compared to western countries. Kidney transplant cost in India ranges from Rs. 300000.00 to Rs. 750000.00. Low cost in no way indicates sub-standard treatment as the success rate of this surgery is on par with developed countries.
Most of the hospitals in India are NABH and JCI certified and the doctors here have a high degree of expertise in organ transplant owing to the larger number of surgeries performed in India.
Let’s discuss the pros and cons of kidney transplant
- No longer the need for dialysis
- Better quality of life
- Increased level of energy
- Fewer restriction in fluid intake and diet
- The first year survival rate is 90-95% for a kidney transplant from living donor and 85-90% for a kidney from a deceased donor.
- Risk of Infection
- Breathing problem
- Risk of transplant rejection
- Potential side-effects from immunosuppressive medications which need to be taken all your life
Is kidney transplant suitable for all the patients suffering from renal failure?
Patients of all ages can undergo kidney transplant but it is necessary that they have sufficient heart-lung function and are ready accept the responsibility of taking lifelong medications and have regular follow-ups with the doctor.
However, you are not considered an ideal candidate if you have any of these issues:
- Diseases related to the heart, liver, and lungs
- History of cancer
- Infectious diseases such as tuberculose or osteomyelitis
- Dependency on alcohol, smoking or drugs
Kidney transplant gives patients with renal failure a better quality of life and getting a kidney from a live donor is better as it last longer and has higher success rate.